Timeline


1728
Cook born 27th October at Marton-in-Cleveland - Second son of James Cook and Grace Pace


1736
Move to Airyholme Farm, Great Ayton; attends the village school


1744
Assistant to William Sanderson, shopkeeper in Staithes


1746
Apprenticed to John Walker, master-mariner, Whitby


1747
Muster Roll Act passed. All ships Cook served on are then recorded


1752
Promoted Mate on board Friendship


1755
Volunteers for Royal Navy and joins HMS Eagle


1756-63
The Seven Years War against the French. At the capture of Louisburg (1758) and Quebec (1759)
Learns new surveying techniques


1762
Marries Elizabeth Batts at St. Margaret’s, Barking


1763
Appointed Surveyor of Newfoundland


1768-71
First Voyage: promoted Lieutenant to command of HM Bark Endeavour August, sails from Plymouth


1769
Observes Transit of Venus in Tahiti


1769-70
Completes circumnavigation and chart of New Zealand


1770
Lands at Botany Bay, Australia. Charts the east coast of Australia; ship grounds on coral Endeavour Reef. Returns via Batavia (Jakarta) and Cape Town


1771
Visits family in Yorkshire, Dec 1771-Jan 1772. Visits Walker in Whitby


1772-75
Second Voyage: Resolution and Adventure


1773
Crosses Antarctic Circle for the first time in January. They cross the Circle again in December 1773 and January 1774


1774
Explores Easter Island, the Tongan Islands, and New Caledonia and the New Hebrides in Melanesia


1775
Promoted post-captain. Appointed to Greenwich Hospital, the charitable naval establishment for pensioners


1776-80
Third Voyage: Resolution and Discovery


1777
Lands in Tasmania, revisits New Zealand, Tahiti and Tonga


1778
First sighting of Hawai’ian islands on way to North West coast of America


1778
First probe through Bering Strait. Halted by ice, returns to winter in Hawaii


1779
Leaves Kealakekua Bay (4th February), returns when Resolution damaged

14th February Cook and 4 marines killed in an affray over a stolen cutter. Captain Clerke takes command


1779

The ships land at Kamchatka, Siberia, for supplies and repairs
Continue search for North West Passage
Halted by ice. Clerke dies and is buried in Kamchatka


1780
Resolution and Discovery return home under Captain John Gore and Lieutenant James King after 4 years and 3 months away