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Countries with links to Cook

Cook and his companions

Sailors on the great Voyages came from many parts of Britain, from the Orkneys to Cornwall.

There were also sailors from the Azores, Brazil, Germany, India, Netherlands, North America, and Venice. Cook and his companions were directly associated with many countries:


Explored and charted the east coast


Charted St Laurence estuary and Newfoundland and Explored west coast during the 3rd Voyage


Herman Diedrich Spöring was secretary to Joseph Banks and assistant botanist and draughtsman. He came from Turku, the capital of what was then the Swedish Duchy of Finland


Along with France’s great explorers, Bougainville and La Perouse, explored the Pacific islands. France, at war with Britain during the 3rd Voyage, ordered her Navy not to attack Cook


The home of Johann Reinhold and Georg Forster, botanists on the 2nd Voyage


Several crew members on all three voyages came from Ireland, where some Cook voyage collections remain in the National Museum of Ireland, Dublin


Built on the work of many Dutch sailors who found Australia, especially Tasman who first sighted Tasmania and New Zealand

New Zealand

Circumnavigated and charted New Zealand. His charts in use for nearly two centuries


Third Voyage visited Kamchatka and Chukotka. Two of Cook's officers later served in the Russian navy. St. Petersburg holds extensive Cook collections

South Africa

The ships called at Cape Town in South Africa on every voyage, to replenish supplies and take on fresh supplies. The artist Hodges painted Table Mountain and the Bay


The home of Dr Daniel Solander, Swedish botanist who sailed on the 1st Voyage, and Anders Sparrman on the 2nd Voyage


The artist Webber came from a Swiss family and trained in Paris and Berne. Important collection in Berne brought back by Webber


The island where Cook observed the Transit of Venus. Charted many other Pacific island groups, many for the first time. Tupaia, an important navigator and man of priestly rank, joined Endeavour intending to travel to Britain but died at Batavia (Jakarta).


Explored Alaska, the Aleutian Islands and the Bering Strait on the third voyage, and died in Hawaii

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